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How to skip the first element in a dictionary when using a for loop to iterate through the dictionary? [duplicate]

qq328170374 注册会员
2023-01-26 03:50

I do it like this, even though it looks like a hack it works every time:

ls_of_things = ['apple', 'car', 'truck', 'bike', 'banana']
first = 0
last = len(ls_of_things)
for items in ls_of_things:
    if first == 0
        first = first + 1
        pass
    elif first == last - 1:
        break
    else:
        do_stuff
        first = first + 1
        pass
die_song 注册会员
2023-01-26 03:50

The more_itertools project extends itertools.islice to handle negative indices.

Example

import more_itertools as mit

iterable = 'ABCDEFGH'
list(mit.islice_extended(iterable, 1, -1))
# Out: ['B', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F', 'G']

Therefore, you can elegantly apply it slice elements between the first and last items of an iterable:

for car in mit.islice_extended(cars, 1, -1):
    # do something
duan4123 注册会员
2023-01-26 03:50

Similar to @maninthecomputer 's answer, when you need to skip the first iteration of a loop based on an int (self._model.columnCount() in my case):

for col in range(self._model.columnCount()):
    if col == 0:
        continue

Put more simply:

test_int = 3

for col in range(test_int):
    if col == 0:
        continue
    print(col)

Provides output:

1
2
3
cuihongxiangvic 注册会员
2023-01-26 03:50

Good solution for support of itertools.chain is to use itertools.islice in order to take a slice of an iterable:

your_input_list = ['list', 'of', 'things']
for i, variant in list(itertools.islice(enumerate(some_function_that_will_output_itertools_chain(your_input_list)), 1, None)):
   """
   # No need for unnecessary conditions like this:
   if i == 0:
      continue
   """
   variant = list(variant) # (optional) converting back to list
   print(variant)
csxpeter0 注册会员
2023-01-26 03:50

Well, your syntax isn't really Python to begin with.

Iterations in Python are over he contents of containers (well, technically it's over iterators), with a syntax for item in container. In this case, the container is the cars list, but you want to skip the first and last elements, so that means cars[1:-1] (python lists are zero-based, negative numbers count from the end, and : is slicing syntax.

So you want

for c in cars[1:-1]:
    do something with c
dht8064 注册会员
2023-01-26 03:50

Based on @SvenMarnach 's Answer, but bit simpler and without using deque

>>> def skip(iterable, at_start=0, at_end=0):
    it = iter(iterable)
    it = itertools.islice(it, at_start, None)
    it, it1 = itertools.tee(it)
    it1 = itertools.islice(it1, at_end, None)
    return (next(it) for _ in it1)

>>> list(skip(range(10), at_start=2, at_end=2))
[2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7]
>>> list(skip(range(10), at_start=2, at_end=5))
[2, 3, 4]

Also Note, based on my timeit result, this is marginally faster than the deque solution

>>> iterable=xrange(1000)
>>> stmt1="""
def skip(iterable, at_start=0, at_end=0):
    it = iter(iterable)
    it = itertools.islice(it, at_start, None)
    it, it1 = itertools.tee(it)
    it1 = itertools.islice(it1, at_end, None)
    return (next(it) for _ in it1)
list(skip(iterable,2,2))
    """
>>> stmt2="""
def skip(iterable, at_start=0, at_end=0):
    it = iter(iterable)
    for x in itertools.islice(it, at_start):
        pass
    queue = collections.deque(itertools.islice(it, at_end))
    for x in it:
        queue.append(x)
        yield queue.popleft()
list(skip(iterable,2,2))
        """
>>> timeit.timeit(stmt = stmt1, setup='from __main__ import iterable, skip, itertools', number = 10000)
2.0313770640908047
>>> timeit.timeit(stmt = stmt2, setup='from __main__ import iterable, skip, itertools, collections', number = 10000)
2.9903135454296716
eddison525 注册会员
2023-01-26 03:50

An alternative method:

for idx, car in enumerate(cars):
    # Skip first line.
    if not idx:
        continue
    # Skip last line.
    if idx + 1 == len(cars):
        continue
    # Real code here.
    print car
djhaiyang 注册会员
2023-01-26 03:50

This code skips the first and the last element of the list:

for item in list_name[1:-1]:
    #...do whatever
jmshxy5233 注册会员
2023-01-26 03:50

Here's my preferred choice. It doesn't require adding on much to the loop, and uses nothing but built in tools.

Go from:

for item in my_items:
  do_something(item)

to:

for i, item in enumerate(my_items):
  if i == 0:
    continue
  do_something(item)
cuiyanlong82 注册会员
2023-01-26 03:50

Example:

mylist=['one','two','three','four','five']
for i in mylist[1:]:
   print(i)

In python index start from 0, We can use slicing operator to make manipulations in iteration.

for i in range(1,-1):